A stacked-coil technology is demonstrated that realizes size-adjustable coil systems to compensate the notorious problem of lateral misalignment in nonradiative wireless power transfer (WPT) systems. The proposed system has a simple structure that consists of multiple layers of coils with various sizes. Depending on the misalignment, the coil pair that provides the best transfer efficiency is switched on. Thus, not only the transfer null is removed, but also a very high transfer efficiency is maintained even with extreme misalignment. Experimental results at 6.78 MHz show the effectiveness of the stacked coil for both short- and mid-range wireless power transfer systems. The transfer efficiency maintains abovementioned 80% up to 87% and 65% lateral misalignment when the separation between Tx and Rx coils are 10% and 50%, respectively, relative to the largest dimension of the coil. The three-layer short-range system successfully removes the transfer null to maintain a minimum transfer efficiency of 39.7% up to 126% misalignment. The two-layer mid-range system maintains transfer efficiency abovementioned 50% up to 103% misalignment. Furthermore, the performance is virtually the same even in an asymmetric WPT system, i.e., when the technique is applied to only one of the two coils. A detailed design procedure is also provided.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 1982-2012 IEEE.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering