Spatial prediction with mobile sensor networks using Gaussian processes with built-in Gaussian Markov random fields

Yunfei Xu, Jongeun Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, a new class of Gaussian processes is proposed for resource-constrained mobile sensor networks. Such a Gaussian process builds on a GMRF with respect to a proximity graph over a surveillance region. The main advantages of using this class of Gaussian processes over standard Gaussian processes defined by mean and covariance functions are its numerical efficiency and scalability due to its built-in GMRF and its capability of representing a wide range of non-stationary physical processes. The formulas for predictive statistics such as predictive mean and variance are derived and a sequential field prediction algorithm is provided for sequentially sampled observations. For a special case using compactly supported weighting functions, we propose a distributed algorithm to implement field prediction by correctly fusing all observations. Simulation and experimental results illustrate the effectiveness of our approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1735-1740
Number of pages6
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Aug

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work has been supported by the National Science Foundation through CAREER Award CMMI-0846547. This support is gratefully acknowledged. The material in this paper was partially presented at the 4th Annual ASME Dynamic Systems and Control Conference (DSCC), October 31–November 2, 2011, Arlington, Virginia, USA. This paper was recommended for publication in revised form by Associate Editor Wolfgang Scherrer, under the direction of Editor Torsten Söderström.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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