Sound Field Calculations for an Ultrasonic Linear Phased Array with a Spherical Liquid Lens

Young J. Yoon, Paul J. Benkeser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Lenses are often used to provide focusing in the elevation dimension of ultrasonic linear phased-array transducers. The use of a liquid lens in this application adds a variable geometric focusing capability, determined by the radius of curvature of the lens surface and speed of sound in the liquid, to the electronic focusing produced by the linear phased array. Dynamic control of the geometrical focus can be achieved by adjusting the volume of the liquid lens. An efficient method to calculate the sound field radiated from the linear phased-array transducer through the liquid lens is presented. It treats the lens surface as a secondary source distribution according to Huygens’ principle, and employs a modified form of the rectangular radiator method to calculate the field. The appropriate phases for the array elements to focus and steer the beam are calculated by considering the refraction on the lens surface. Comparisons of computer simulations and experimental measurements of the field intensity distribution of a prototype linear array transducer with a liquid lens demonstrate the accuracy of the proposed method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)268-272
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1992 Mar

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received May 13, 1991; revised September 9, 1991; accepted September 10, 1991. This work was fundedi n part by grant RR04311 fromt he National Institutes of Health, and in part by a grant from the EmoryiGeorgia Tech Biotechnology Research Center. The authors are with the Georgia Institute Electrical Engineering, Atlanta, GA 30332-0250. IEEE Log Number 9105551.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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