Sol-gel synthesis of high surface area nanostructured zirconia powder by surface chemical modification

Uzma K.H. Bangi, Chang Sun Park, Seungsu Baek, Hyung Ho Park

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19 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, high surface area nanostructured zirconia powders were synthesized by a simple surface chemical modification method. Zirconia gels were prepared by the hydrolysis and condensation of zirconium n-propoxide in n-propanol using deionized water and nitric acid (1mM). The hydrolysis water used in the sol-gel process has the exceptional ability to tailor the nanostructural formation and hence, the textural properties of the final powder. Moreover, surface chemical modification facilitates the spring back effect in zirconia gels and helps to sustain the textural properties of the final product after ambient pressure drying. The zirconia powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction, N2 adsorption-desorption analysis, field emission scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric differential thermal analysis. The as-synthesized nanostructured zirconia powders had a large BET surface area of 354m2/g, a pore volume of 0.448cm3/g, and an average pore size of 57Å. As a result, they can be applied as catalysts in many fields.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)314-318
Number of pages5
JournalPowder Technology
Publication statusPublished - 2013 May

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by a grant from DAPA and ADD, Republic of Korea. One of the authors, Uzma K. H. Bangi, is very grateful to the BK office for financial support through a post-doctorate fellowship.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)


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