Social activities and health-related quality of life in rural older adults in South Korea: A 4-year longitudinal analysis

Jiyeon Choi, Kyeongra Yang, Sang Hui Chu, Yoosik Youm, Hyeon Chang Kim, Yeong Ran Park, Youn Jung Son

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


During later life, inadequate social interactions may be associated with worse quality of life in older adults. Rural older adults are prone to developing unhealthy lifestyles related to social activities, which can lead to a poorer quality of life than that enjoyed by older adults living in urban areas. This study aimed to describe longitudinal changes in social activity participation and health-related quality of life among rural older adults, exploring potential associations with changes to in-person social activity over four years. We used prospective community-based cohort data from the Korean Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (KSHAP) collected between December 2011 and January 2016. The sample included 525 older adults who completed the measure of health-related quality of life. Our results showed a significant change in health-related quality of life according to changes in participation in meeting with friends. Even though an individual’s participation in other social activities did not show significant differences in health-related quality of life, our findings imply that in-person social activities may be an important resource to encourage participation in physical activities and to develop other positive outcomes, such as a sense of belonging or satisfaction with later life, among rural older adults.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5553
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Aug 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: Yonsei University College of Nursing Faculty Research Fund (6-2018-0137) and Mo-Im Kim Nursing Research Institute, the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Korea and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2017S1A3A2067165).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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