We present a fundamental method to assess the doping limits of hetero-polar materials; applied to the case of ZnO, we show clearly that electrons are stable and holes are unstable under the limits of thermodynamic control.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- General Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry