By automatically classifying the stomach, small bowel, and colon, the reading time of the wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE) can be reduced. In addition, it is an essential first preprocessing step to localize the small bowel in order to apply automated small bowel lesion detection algorithms based on deep learning. The purpose of the study was to develop an automated small bowel detection method from long untrimmed videos captured from WCE. Through this, the stomach and colon can also be distinguished. The proposed method is based on a convolutional neural network (CNN) with a temporal filtering on the predicted probabilities from the CNN. For CNN, we use a ResNet50 model to classify three organs including stomach, small bowel, and colon. The hybrid temporal filter consisting of a Savitzky–Golay filter and a median filter is applied to the temporal probabilities for the “small bowel” class. After filtering, the small bowel and the other two organs are differentiated with thresholding. The study was conducted on dataset of 200 patients (100 normal and 100 abnormal WCE cases), which was divided into a training set of 140 cases, a validation set of 20 cases, and a test set of 40 cases. For the test set of 40 patients (20 normal and 20 abnormal WCE cases), the proposed method showed accuracy of 99.8% in binary classification for the small bowel. Transition time errors for gastrointestinal tracts were only 38.8 ± 25.8 seconds for the transition between stomach and small bowel and 32.0 ± 19.1 seconds for the transition between small bowel and colon, compared to the ground truth organ transition points marked by two experienced gastroenterologists.
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© 2022 by the authors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry