Slurry chemistry control to produce easily redispersible ceramic powder compacts

Jooho Moon, Jason E. Grau, Michael J. Cima, Emanuel M. Sachs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


The slurry-based Three Dimensional Printing (3DPTM) process requires the production of an easily redispersible powder bed from a well-dispersed slurry. Understanding and control of the interparticle potential in the dispersed state, as well as in the dry consolidated state, are important. The strength of the particle-particle interactions in the dry state determines the redispersion efficiency. One factor that controls the interparticle strength is the chemical stability of the ceramic powders in the dispersed state. For unstable powders, a partial dissolution and/or hydration of the powders can occur and eventually impede the redispersion by forming insoluble salt bridges at the necks of the particles. Redispersion of the powder bed can be improved substantially by weakening the strength of the particle-particle bonds. The formation of strong chemical bonds between particles should be avoided by adjusting the slurry pH to an appropriate range where the powders are chemically stable in the slurry. Replacement of the chemical bonds by soluble physical bonds, using a low-molecular-weight hydrophilic polymer, also reduces the interparticle strength and enhances redispersion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2401-2408
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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