Skullcapflavone II is a flavonoid derived from the root of Scutellaria baicalensis, a herbal medicine used for anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer therapies. We analyzed the effect of skullcapflavone II on the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) and integrity of type I collagen in foreskin fibroblasts. Skullcapflavone II did not affect the secretion of type I collagen but reduced the secretion of MMP-1 in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Real-time reverse transcription-PCR and reporter gene assays showed that skullcapflavone II reduced MMP-1 expression at the transcriptional level. Skullcapflavone II inhibited the serum-induced activation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathways required for MMP-1 transactivation. Skullcapflavone II also reduced tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α-induced nuclear factor kappa light chain enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) activation and subsequent MMP-1 expression. In three-dimensional culture of fibroblasts, skullcapflavone II down-regulated TNF-α-induced MMP-1 secretion and reduced breakdown of type I collagen. These results indicate that skullcapflavone II is a novel biomolecule that down-regulates MMP-1 expression in foreskin fibroblasts and therefore could be useful in therapies for maintaining the integrity of extracellular matrix.
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© 2019 by the author. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Computer Science Applications
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry