Single elementary target-sputtered Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin film solar cells

Yeon Hwa Jo, Bhaskar Chandra Mohanty, Deuk Ho Yeon, Seung Min Lee, Yong Soo Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


A simple single elementary target sputtering method is proposed as an alternative to the multi-target sputter approach for preparing Cu2ZnSnSe4 absorber films. Several single targets utilizing excess Cu and Zn, including Cu2ZnSnSe4, Cu2Zn1.5SnSe4, Cu2.5Zn1.5SnSe4 and Cu3Zn1.5SnSe4, were investigated to determine the absorber film with the most promising structural and photovoltaic performance. A conversion efficiency of ~4.16% was obtained from the Cu2.5Zn1.5SnSe4 single target, which displayed well-defined grain structures with desirable Zn/Sn and Cu/(Zn+Sn) ratios. Critical roles of excess Cu and Zn during sputtering are discussed in conjunction with microstructural evolution, elemental distribution, photovoltaic characteristics and grain boundary contributions, which are specified for the sputtering method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-141
Number of pages6
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was financially supported by a grant (no. 2011-0020285 ) from the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Korean government .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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