Simulation study on the lifetime of electrochemical capacitors using the accelerated degradation test under temperature and voltage stresses

Yu Tack Kim, Kwang Bum Kim, Yoo Eo Hyun, Ick Jun Kim, Sunhye Yang

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13 Citations (Scopus)


Several studies on the degradation mechanism of electrochemical capacitors have been conducted, but they have not predicted and analyzed the lifetime of the capacitors. A capacitor's life is normally considered to end when its capacity is reduced to 20% of the initial level or its ac equivalent series resistance (ESR) increases by 200% compared its initial value. Once the ac ESR reaches a failure state, it becomes impractical to use it as a factor to determine the failure of an electrochemical capacitor; hence, only the capacity is considered as a factor when determining a capacitor's failure. This method, which is used for small-scale electrochemical capacitors employed as capacitance backup, cannot be applied to new electrochemical capacitors with high output and low resistance. Therefore, we analyzed a failure mechanism by conducting a load-life test on high-output cylindrical-shaped electrochemical capacitors under different voltages (2.5, 2.7, and 2.9 V) and temperatures (333.15 K, 343.15 K, and 353.15 K) for 1000-1500 h, using the simulation software ALTA 8 PRO and Weibull ++8. By proposing an appropriate dc ESR as a life-determining factor for existing capacitors and by analyzing different failure conditions (150%, 180%, and 200%) through comparison, we found that a 180% increase in the dc ESR over its initial level is the most appropriate factor to be used as a failure condition for electrochemical capacitor performance. In addition, in the case of performance degradation due to voltage and temperature changes, an acceleration factor for each condition has been deduced, facilitating a preliminary performance evaluation w an accelerated life test.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2712-2720
Number of pages9
JournalMicroelectronics Reliability
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Dec 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Energy Efficiency and Resources R&D program ( 2012T100201571 ) under the Ministry of Knowledge Economy, Republic of Korea.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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