Simulation of two-dimensional density currents developing on a slope

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Dense underflows developing on a slope two-dimensionally are simulated numerically. The k-ε model is used for the turbulence closure. The boundary-layer approximation renders the governing equations to be parabolic partial differential equations, which are easier to solve numerically than elliptic equations. Evolution of vertical structures of dense underflows are computed along the streamwise direction. Excellent similarity collapse of computed vertical structures are obtained. Computed profiles of velocity and concentration are compared with measured data, resulting good agreement. A parameter representing stratification level in the k-ε model is calibrated, and the use of this calibrated value in the vertical structure model yields nearly identical results with the integral model.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComputational methods in water resources - Volume 2 - Computational methods,surface water systems and hydrology
EditorsL.R. Bentley, J.F. Sykes, C.A. Brebbia, W.G. Gray, G.F. Pinder, L.R. Bentley, J.F. Sykes, C.A. Brebbia, W.G. Gray, G.F. Pinder
PublisherA.A. Balkema
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9058091252
Publication statusPublished - 2000
EventComputational Methods in Water Resources - Calgary, Canada
Duration: 2000 Jun 252000 Jun 29


OtherComputational Methods in Water Resources

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)


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