Silica xerogel films hybridized with carbon nanotubes by single step sol-gel processing

In Keun Jung, Jyoti L. Gurav, Uzma K.H. Bangi, Seungsu Baek, Hyung Ho Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Synthesis of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) doped silica xerogel films was reported in this work. A crucial step of introducing MWCNTs was achieved by functionalizing them by acid treatment to form stable and homogenous SiO 2/MWCNTs sol. Scanning electron microscopy showed spherical particles in honeycomb network structure for undoped xerogel films whereas dispersion and wrapping of MWCNTs in silica matrix was observed for MWCNTs doped films. Various bond formations during the sol-gel process and surface modification were confirmed using Fourier transform infra-red and detailed study on the chemical bonding state of the films was carried out using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Nanoindentation studies showed that the mechanical properties of MWCNTs doped xerogel film increase dramatically: higher modulus (E = 2.127 ± 0.095 GPa) and hardness (H = 0.035 ± 0.017 GPa) values than those of pristine xerogel film (E = 0.234 ± 0.058 GPa, H = 0.01 ± 0.003 GPa).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)550-556
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Feb 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors are grateful to Brain Korea 21 Phase II programme for the financial support for this work. We also thankful to Agency for Defense Development project for funding support.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Silica xerogel films hybridized with carbon nanotubes by single step sol-gel processing'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this