Objectives: This study sought to evaluate the optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after the implantation of a drug-eluting stent (DES) in elderly patients. Background: Qualified studies to evaluate the optimal duration of DAPT in elderly patients have been very limited. Methods: Using 6 randomized trials that compared short-term (≤6 months) and long-term (12 months) DAPT, individual participant data meta-analysis was performed in elderly patients (≥65 years of age). The primary study outcome was the 12-month risk of a composite of myocardial infarction, definite or probable stent thrombosis, or stroke. The major secondary outcome was the 12-month risk of major bleeding. Results: The primary outcome risk did not significantly differ between patients receiving short-term and long-term DAPT (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.12; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.88 to 1.43; p = 0.3581) in the overall group of study participants. In subgroup analysis, a significant interaction between age and DAPT duration was observed for primary outcome risk (p for interaction = 0.0384). In the subset of younger patients (<65 years of age, n = 6,152), short-term DAPT was associated with higher risk of primary outcome (HR: 1.67; 95% CI: 1.14 to 2.44; p = 0.0082). In elderly patients (n = 5,319), however, the risk of primary outcome did not significantly differ between patients receiving short-term and long-term DAPT (HR: 0.84; 95% CI: 0.60 to 1.16; p = 0.2856). Short-term DAPT was associated with a significant reduction in major bleeding compared with long-term DAPT (HR: 0.50; 95% CI: 0.30 to 0.84; p = 0.0081) in the overall group, and particularly in elderly patients (HR: 0.46; 95% CI: 0.24-0.88; p = 0.0196). Conclusions: Short-term DAPT after new-generation DES implantation may be more beneficial in elderly patients than in younger patients.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by a grant from the Korea Healthcare Technology Research & Development Project, Ministry for Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (Nos. A085136 and HI15C1277), the Mid-Career Researcher Program through an National Research Foundation grant funded by the Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology, Republic of Korea (No. 2015R1A2A2A01002731), and the Cardiovascular Research Center, Seoul, Korea. The authors have reported that they have no relationships relevant to the contents of this paper to disclose.
© 2018 American College of Cardiology Foundation
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine