Short plate with screw angle over 20 degrees improves the radiologic outcome in acdf: Clinical study

Kathryn Anne Jimenez, Jihyeon Kim, Jaenam Lee, Hwan Mo Lee, Seong Hwan Moon, Kyung Soo Suk, Hak Sun Kim, Byung Ho Lee

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3 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion surgery is a common procedure for degenerative cervical spine. This describes allospacer and implant-related outcomes, comparing medium plate–low screw angle and short plate–high screw angle techniques. Methods: From January 2016 to June 2019, 79 patients who underwent ACDF were prospectively enrolled. Patients were divided, depending on the plate–screw system used: medium plate–low screw angle (12.3 ± 2.5 to 13.2 ± 3.2 degrees), and short plate–high screw angle (22.8 ± 5.3 to 23.3 ± 4.7 degrees). Subsidence, ALOD, and sagittal cervical balance were analyzed using lateral cervical X-rays. NDI and VAS scores were also evaluated. Results: Age for medium plate–low-angled screw group is 58.0 ± 11.3 years, and 55.3 ± 12.0 in the short plate–high-angled screw group (p-value = 0.313). Groups were comparable in mean NDI (p-value = 0.347), VAS (p-value = 0.156), C2–C7 SVA, (p-value = 0.981), and lordosis angle (p-value = 0.836) at 1-year post-surgery. Subsidence was higher in the medium plate–low-angled screw than in the short plate–high-angled screw (25% and 8.5%, respectively, p-value = 0.045). ALOD is also more common in the medium plate group (p-value = 0.045). Conclusion: Use of a short plate and insertion of high-angled screws (more than 20 degrees) has less chance of subsidence and occurrence of ALOD than the traditional technique of using medium plate and low angle.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2034
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2021 May 1

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© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine


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