Background Plasma cholesterol acts as a negative acute phase reactant. Total cholesterol decreases after surgery and in various pathological conditions, including trauma, sepsis, burns, and liver dysfunction. This study aimed to determine whether hypocholesterolemia after emergency gastrointestinal (GI) surgery is associated with in-hospital mortality in patients with diffuse peritonitis. Methods The medical records of 926 critically ill patients who had undergone emergency GI surgery for diffuse peritonitis, between January 2007 and December 2015, were retrospectively analyzed. The integrated areas under the curve (iAUCs) were calculated to compare the predictive accuracy of total cholesterol values from postoperative days (PODs) 0, 1, 3, and 7. Cox proportional hazard regression modeling was performed for all possible predictors identified in the univariate and multivariable analyses. Results The total cholesterol level measured on POD 7 had the highest iAUC (0.7292; 95% confidence interval, 0.6696–0.7891) and was significantly better at predicting in-hospital mortality than measurements on other days. The optimal total cholesterol cut-off value for predicting in-hospital mortality was 61 mg/dL and was determined on POD 7. A Cox proportional hazard regression analysis revealed that a POD 7 total cholesterol level < 61 mg/dL was an independent predictor of in-hospital mortality after emergency GI surgery (hazard ratio, 3.961; 95% confidence interval, 1.786–8.784). Conclusion Severe persistent hypocholesterolemia (<61 mg/dL) on POD 7 independently predicted in-hospital mortality, after emergency GI surgery, in critically ill patients with diffuse peritonitis.
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© 2018 Lee et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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