Sensing efficiency of three-dimensional textile sensors with an open-and-close structure for respiration rate detection

Jin Hee Yang, Hyun Seung Cho, Hwykuen Kwak, Je Wook Chae, Hyeok Jae Lee, Jeong Whan Lee, Soo Hyun Oh, Joo Hyeon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The strain-gauge type textile sensors adopted in many studies on respiration-sensing wearable systems have been reported to have two major limitations that result in reduced sensing accuracy and insufficient durability of the sensor. The two limitations are the inability to accurately monitor the changes in the three-dimensional (3D) body contour during changes in the respiration cycle and the frequent occurrence of baseline drifts. To solve these issues, this study proposes new types of textile respiration rate sensors with a 3D structure, which measure the respiration rate based on the variation in the size of the contacting section’s surface during respiration, rather than the changes in the length of the sensor, as in existing strain-gauge type sensors. Firstly, the sensing signals were analyzed based on morphology and size measurements. Then, the sensing reliability of three respiration rate sensor types, namely the no-filler, 3D hard, and 3D soft types, was analyzed by comparing their measurements with those of the SS5LB. Finally, the reproducibility and baseline drifts of the sensors’ measurements were evaluated by taking and comparing repeated measurements. As a result, the consistency of the sensing signals of the SS5LB and those of the two types of 3D sensors was higher than those of the no-filler type sensor, and the 3D soft type sensor had the highest reliability and reproducibility among the three new types of sensors. The result showed relatively reduced baseline drifts in the two types of 3D sensors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2258-2274
Number of pages17
JournalTextile Research Journal
Issue number19-20
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Oct 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2020.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Polymers and Plastics


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