We report a new type of self-powered gas sensors based on the combination of a colorimetric film with hierarchical micro/nanostructures and organic photovoltaic cells. The transmittance of the colorimetric film with micro/nanostructures coated with N,N,N′,N′-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine (TMPD) changes by reacting with NO2 gas, and it is measured as a current output of the photovoltaic cell. For this purpose, materials for the organic photovoltaic cells were carefully chosen to match the working wavelength of the TMPD. Micropost arrays and nanowires increase the surface area for the gas reaction and thus improve the transmittance changes by NO2 gas (6.7% change for the plain film vs 27.7% change for the film with hierarchical micro/nanostructures to 20 ppm of NO2). Accordingly, the colorimetric device with the hierarchical structures showed a response of ΔI/I0 = 0.27-20 ppm of NO2, which is a 71% improvement compared to that of the plain sensing film. Furthermore, it showed a high selectivity against other gases such as H2S and CO with almost negligible responses. Since the current output change of the photovoltaic cell is utilized as a sensor signal, no extra electrical power is required for the operation of gas sensors. We also integrated the sensor device with an electrical module and demonstrated a self-powered gas alarm system.
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© 2020 American Chemical Society.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)