Self-boosted power generation of triboelectric nanogenerator with glass transition by friction heat

Ahrum Sohn, Jeong Hwan Lee, Hong Joon Yoon, Hyun Hwi Lee, Sang Woo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Inevitable frictional heat, generated by friction, degrades output performance of polymer-based triboelectric nanogenerators (TENGs). To address this issue, we propose to take advantage of using shape memory effect of polyurethane (PU) as a triboelectric layer to not only operate TENG sustainably, but also realize self-boosting power generation performance of TENG by frictional heat. We found that frictional heat sufficiently leads to the glass transition of PU and this transformed PU at elevated temperature contributes to change key parameters, serving to improve performance of TENG, including dielectric constant, work function, and charge trap density. In this work we verified PU harness heat generated by friction and demonstrated 300% increase of the power-generating performance of PU-based TENG with experiencing the glass transition. In addition, we experimentally observed no further temperature elevation around 60 °C in TENG with a continuous rotating friction mode, which offers PU potential to be a promising triboelectric material for high performance TENGs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104840
JournalNano Energy
Volume74
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Aug

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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