Selective production of H2 from ethanol at low temperatures over Rh/ZrO2-CeO2 catalysts

Hyun Seog Roh, Yong Wang, David L. King

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49 Citations (Scopus)


A series of Rh catalysts on various supports (Al2O3, MgAl2O4, ZrO2, and ZrO2-CeO 2) have been applied to H2 production from the ethanol steam reforming reaction. In terms of ethanol conversion at low temperatures (below 450 °C) with 1wt% Rh catalysts, the activity decreases in the order: Rh/ZrO2-CeO2 > Rh/Al2O3 > Rh/MgAl2O4 > Rh/ZrO2. Support plays a very important role on product selectivity at low temperatures (below 450 °C). Acidic or basic supports favor ethanol dehydration, while ethanol dehydrogenation is favored over neutral supports at low temperatures. The Rh/ZrO2-CeO2 catalyst exhibits the highest CO2 selectivity up to 550 °C, which is due to the highest water gas shift (WGS) activity at low temperatures. Among the catalysts evaluated in this study, the 2wt% Rh/ZrO2-CeO2 catalyst exhibited the highest H 2 yield at 450 °C, which is possibly due to the high oxygen storage capacity of ZrO2-CeO2 resulting in efficient transfer of mobile oxygen species from the H2O molecule to the reaction intermediate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-37
Number of pages6
JournalTopics in Catalysis
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jul

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgements This work was supported by Department of Energy’s Office of Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies. Most of work was performed in the Environmental Molecular Science Laboratory, a national scientific user facility sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Biological and Environmental Research and located at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland, WA.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry


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