Selective and uniform Li-ion boosting polymer electrolytes for dendrite-less quasi-solid-state batteries

Daero Lee, Chanui Park, Young Gyun Choi, Seunghyok Rho, Won Bo Lee, Jong Hyeok Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Solid-state Li-metal batteries (LMBs) are attracting extensive attention owing to their exceptionally high energy density. Solid electrolytes play a vital role in the practical application of LMBs due to their nonflammable nature and interfacial stability with Li metal, but they ordinarily have a low ionic conductivity and dimensional stability. Here, a selective Li+ conductive solid-state electrolyte (SLCSE) that comprises a highly conductive yet mechanically robust, anion-immobilized (CMA) polymer matrix synthesized by soft-rigid coupled ether-abundant epoxy monomers and branched polyamine, is reported. Rationally incorporated rigid benzene-ring constituents in the CMA matrix not only enhance mechanical strength but also boost Li+ transportation by suppressing crystallinity. The semi-interpenetrating network of the CMA matrix and polyvinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene displays synergistic Li+ acceleration behavior by promoting the dissociation and diffusion of Li+ while immobilizing anions, which is elucidated via molecular dynamics simulations. The SLCSE exhibits a high ionic conductivity (3.4 mS cm−1) with a high Li+ transference number (0.77), and SLCSE-based LMBs (Li/SLCSE/LiCoO2 cell) show a high discharge capacity of 146 mAh g−1 (0.2 C) and 126 mAh g−1 (3 C). Furthermore, they show exceptional long cycle stability (90% capacity retention after 500 cycles at 0.5 C), representing remarkable Li dendrite suppression capability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121258
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume668
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Feb 15

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier B.V.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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