Selection of Inertial and Power Curtailment Control Methods for Wind Power Plants to Enhance Frequency Stability

Sunghoon Lim, Seung Mook Baek, Jung Wook Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


As renewable energy penetrates the power system, system operators are required to curtail output power from generation units to balance the power supply and demand. However, large curtailment from wind power plants (WPPs) may instantly cause excessive output power decrement, causing system frequency to drop significantly before reaching its nominal value. In order to solve this problem, this paper proposes a cooperative control framework to determine the operation of WPPs in two control methods, which are the stepwise inertial control (SIC) method and the curtailed control method. The proposed framework first determines the WPPs to operate in the curtailed control method to provide the required power curtailment. Next, it determines the WPPs to operate in the SIC method considering their releasable kinetic energy to provide an effective inertial response and compensate for the sudden excessive output power decrement caused by other WPPs operated in the curtailed control method. Therefore, each WPP is operated in one of two control methods to provide required power curtailment while reducing the sudden excessive output power decrement. To verify the effectiveness of the proposed cooperative control framework, several case studies are carried out on the practical South Korea electric power system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2630
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Apr 1

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This work was supported in part by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) (grant number: 2020R1A3B2079407), the Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT), Korea, and in part by Basic Science Research Program through the NRF funded by the Ministry of Education (grant number: 2020R1I1A3074996).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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