It is possible to realize the desired compliance characteristics of a robot in a form of a passive compliance device, which demands the synthesis technique of a stiffness matrix by parallel connections of line and/or torsional springs. In this paper, the stiffness matrix is expressed in terms of the screw coordinates with respect to the basis consisting of its eigenvectors, thereby the synthesis equation is derived. Examination of the numbers of free design parameters involved in the synthesis suggests that a line or free vector for a spring can be freely selected from the induced wrench space depending on the rank of the stiffness matrix. The recursive synthesis method that allows one to select the positions or directions of the springs from the screw system spanned by the induced wrenches of the given stiffness matrix is proposed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanical Engineering