Sarcopenia is associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in men with type 2 diabetes

D. H. Seo, Y. H. Lee, S. W. Park, Y. J. Choi, B. W. Huh, E. Lee, K. B. Huh, S. H. Kim, B. S. Cha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Aims: Recent epidemiological studies have suggested an association between sarcopenia and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in the general population, prompting our investigation into the gender-specific association between sarcopenia and NAFLD in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 4210 patients with T2DM were recruited from the Seoul Metabolic Syndrome Cohort. Appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM) was estimated from bioimpedance analysis measurements, and the skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) was calculated by dividing the sum of ASM by body weight. Sarcopenia was defined as a gender-specific SMI value > 2 standard deviations (SDs) below the mean for healthy young adults. NAFLD was defined as the presence of hepatic steatosis on ultrasonography with no other causes of chronic liver disease. Results: Among the entire study population (mean age: 57.4 ± 10.8 years), 1278 (30.4%) had NAFLD and 1240 (29.5%) had sarcopenia, and the prevalence of NAFLD was significantly higher in those with sarcopenia: 46.2% vs 25.1% (P < 0.001) in men; 38.3% vs 25.4% (P < 0.001) in women. Sarcopenia was significantly associated with higher risk of NAFLD in men (adjusted odds ratio [OR]: 1.58, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.15–2.17), whereas the association was attenuated in women after adjusting for clinical risk factors. Conclusion: Sarcopenia is independently associated with NAFLD in men with T2DM, which suggests that sarcopenia may be a risk factor for NAFLD in men with T2DM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)362-369
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetes and Metabolism
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Oct

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Masson SAS

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology


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