Purpose We examined whether and how Sac-1004, a vascular leakage blocker, would restore erectile function in an animal model of diabetic erectile dysfunction. Materials and Methods Eight-week-old C57BL/6J mice were used. Diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. Eight weeks after diabetes induction the animals were divided into 6 groups, including controls, diabetic mice that received repeat intracavernous injections of phosphate buffered saline (20 μl) on days-3 and 0, and diabetic mice that received repeat intracavernous injections of Sac-1004 on days-3 and 0 (1, 2, 5 and 10 μg, respectively, in 20 μl phosphate buffered saline). One week after injection erectile function was measured by cavernous nerve stimulation. The penis was then harvested for histological examinations and Western blot analysis. Results Local delivery of Sac-1004 in the corpus cavernosum restored erectile function in diabetic mice. The highest erectile response was noted at a dose of 5 μg with a response comparable to that in the control group. Sac-1004 significantly increased cavernous endothelial and smooth muscle contents, and induced endothelial nitric oxide synthase phosphorylation (Ser1177). Sac-1004 decreased extravasation of oxidized low density lipoprotein by restoring endothelial cell-cell junction proteins and pericyte content. Sac-1004 also promoted tube formation in primary cultured mouse cavernous endothelial cells in vitro. Sac-1004 mediated cavernous angiogenesis and erectile function recovery was abolished by inhibiting angiopoietin-1-Tie2 signaling with soluble Tie2 antibody. Conclusions With the effects of angiogenesis and antipermeability Sac-1004 reestablishes structural and functional cavernous sinusoids. This is highly promising for future treatment of erectile dysfunction from vascular causes.
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© 2016 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc.
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