Root-End Fillings Using MTA

Seung Ho Baek, Su Jung Shin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)


The major cause of periapical lesions in surgical cases may be due to leakage of bacteria and their toxins. A number of materials have been suggested as root-end filling materials including gutta-percha, amalgam, gold foil, zinc oxide eugenol (ZOE) cements, polycarboxylate cements, glass ionomer cements (GIC), composite resins, intermediate restorative material (IRM), SuperEBA, and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). The root-end filling material is placed to fill root-end cavity, which is prepared with an ultrasonic tip following root end resection. The ideal root-end filling material should be easy to manipulate, radiopaque, dimensionally stable, bactericidal or bacteriostatic, nonresorbable, and unaffected by the presence of moisture. The cytotoxicity and biocompatibility of MTA were tested in in vitro cell culture studies, and the results showed the satisfactory attachment of osteoblasts and periodontal cells on MTA. The purpose of a root-end preparation is to clean and create a space for a root- end filling material.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMineral Trioxide Aggregate
Subtitle of host publicationProperties and Clinical Applications
Number of pages30
ISBN (Electronic)9781118892435
ISBN (Print)9781118401286
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug 25

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)


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