Role of inflammation in arterial calcification

Hae Young Lee, Soyeon Lim, Sungha Park

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Arterial calcification, characterized by calcium phosphate deposition in the arteries, can be divided into intimal calcification and medial calcification. The former is the predominant form of calcification in coronary artery plaques; the latter mostly affects peripheral arteries and aortas. Both forms of arterial calcification have strong correlations with adverse cardiovascular events. Intimal microcalcification is associated with increased risk of plaque disruption while the degree of burden of coronary calcification, measured by coronary calcium score, is a marker of overall plaque burden. Continuous research on vascular calcification has been performed during the past few decades, and several cellular and molecular mechanisms and therapeutic targets were identified. However, despite clinical trials to evaluate the efficacy of drug therapies to treat vascular calcification, none have been shown to have efficacy until the present. Therefore, more extensive research is necessary to develop appropriate therapeutic strategies based on a thorough understanding of vascular calcification. In this review, we mainly focus on intimal calcification, namely the pathobiology of arterial calcification, and its clinical implications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-125
Number of pages12
JournalKorean Circulation Journal
Volume51
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2021. The Korean Society of Cardiology

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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