Risk factors associated with the incidence and prevalence of hypertension in Ghana: an integrated review (2016-2021)

Kennedy Diema Konlan, Hyeonkyeong Lee, Mikyung Lee, Youlim Kim, Hyeyeon Lee, Juliana Asibi Abdulai

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study synthesized the risk factors associated with hypertension among adolescents and adults in Ghana. A systematic search in four databases between 2016 and 2021 retrieved 119 Ghanaian studies, and through screening, 16 were selected. Thematic analysis was used to synthesize extracted data. Prevalence of hypertension ranged from 13.0% to 28.4% and prehypertension 22.0% to 51.4%. The non-modifiable hypertension risk factors were age, marital status, gender, and residence. The modifiable risk factors were consuming additional table salt, salted meat, alcohol, canned meats, smoking, and psychological factors, including stress and anxiety. Also, higher education and socio-economic status, employment, access to medical insurance, overweight, and higher BMI were risk factors. Targeted, sustained, systematic, and effective intervention programs should target high-risk people.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1132-1147
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Health Research
Volume33
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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