RF magnetron sputtering mediated NiTi/Ag coating on Ti-alloy substrate with enhanced biocompatibility and durability

Elangovan Thangavel, Vishnu Shankar Dhandapani, Karthigaimuthu Dharmalingam, Mohana Marimuthu, Murugan Veerapandian, Madhan Kumar Arumugam, Sanghyo Kim, Byungki Kim, Subramaniyan Ramasundaram, Dae Eun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Mechanically robust, biocompatible and corrosion resistant Ag doped NiTi (NiTi/Ag) coatings were formed on implant grade commercially pure titanium substrates by R.F. magnetron sputtering. Five samples with varying silver content (0, 1, 3, 7, and 10 at.%) were prepared by controlling the power applied to Ag and NiTi targets. The intensity of X-ray photoelectron spectra peaks corresponding to Ni2p, Ti2p, Ag3d components were found proportional to respective coating compositions. The soft Ag crystallites were decreased the roughness and crystallinity of NiTi/Ag. Among all compositions, NiTi/Ag coating with 3 at.% Ag exhibited lowest friction coefficient (0.1) and wear rate (0.69 × 10 −07 mm 3 /N ∗ mm). Electrochemical corrosion measurements indicated that Ag incorporation increased the corrosion resistance of NiTi. Increase in Ag content shifted E corr values in the anodic direction, and reduced the current density by one-order-of-magnitude. When cultured on NiTi/Ag coating with 3 at.% Ag, human dermal fibroblast neonatal cells demonstrated highest cell viability. The fluorescence micrographic image of the immunostained cells showed a well grown actin filament network. Overall, NiTi/Ag coated titanium substrates were found to be a promising orthopedic implant material.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)304-314
Number of pages11
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jun

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Brain Korea 21 Plus Project in 2018. B. Kim and S. Ramasundaram acknowledge Korea Ministry of Education, Science and Technology for their partial financial support via National Research Foundation for the priority Research Centers Program ( NRF-2018R1A6A1A03025526 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier B.V.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials


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