Revisiting the factor structure of the Kirton Adaption-Innovation Inventory

Subin Im, Michael Y. Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The original Kirton Adaption-Innovation Inventory, used to measure innovative (as opposed to adaptive) individual cognitive styles, has been reported to have three factors: Sufficiency of Originality, Efficiency, and Rule/Group Conformity. In exploring the construct validity of the Kirton Adaption-Innovation Inventory, findings from a 2003 study by Im, Hu, and Toh showed the existence of two subdimensions of the Sufficiency of Originality factor - Idea Generation and Preference for Change. In this study, using a sample of 356 household participants, with an average age of 56.0 yr. (SD=14.0), average income of $39,700 (SD=$19,200), and average of 15.0 yr. of education (SD=2), from the Arkansas Household Research Panel, we conducted factor analyses. The results specific to our selected sample indicate that a four-factor model recognizing the two subdimensions of Sufficiency of Originality has a better fit than the original three-factor model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)408-410
Number of pages3
JournalPsychological Reports
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Apr

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)


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