Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are crucial for the maintenance of cell integrity during normal cellular growth as well as during pathophysiological conditions. While functioning mainly as molecular chaperones, HSPs also appear to be involved in diverse biological activities, such as apoptosis, carcinogenesis, and cytoprotection from cytotoxic damage. Infection with Helicobacter pylori causes inflammation in the gastric mucosa, leading to gastritis, gastric ulcers, duodenal ulcer disease, and even gastric cancer, but the role of HSPs in H. pylori-associated gastropathy is not known. Using two-dimensional electrophoretic analysis, we have observed significant shifts in HSP profiles after H. pylori infection in RGM-1 cells. We therefore evaluated the effect of treatments that induce HSPs on H. pylori-induced inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression. We found that H. pylori infection significantly attenuated the expression of HSP70, whereas exposure of cells to noncytotoxic heat shock or geranylgeranylacetone restored HSP70 expression, as well as suppressing the expression of iNOS, a major cause of H. pylori-induced gastric tissue damage. Our results suggest that induction of HSP70 confers cytoprotection against H. pylori infection by inhibiting the expression of iNOS. In conclusion, these results provide important insights into the flux in HSPs profiles in response to H. pylori infection and highlight the cytoprotective role of HSP70 in H. pylori infection.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors would like to acknowledge Mr. Kamarulzaman Dahlin from Faculty of Engineering, all staff at Food Laboratory Analysis, Faculty of Food Technology, Universiti Darul Iman Malaysia and Biomedical Laboratory, Institute of Bioscience, Universiti Putra Malaysia.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology