Relationship Between Bone Mineral Density and Body Composition According to Obesity Status in Children

Young Gyun Seo, Yoon Myung Kim, Hyunjung Lim, Min Jae Kang, Kyung Hee Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To analyze the relationship between body composition, metabolic parameters, and bone mineral density (BMD) according to sex and the degree of obesity in children and adolescents. Methods: A total of 236 subjects with obesity, aged 10 to 15 years (36.9% girls), were enrolled. Obesity was classified into simple (SmOb) and extreme (ExOb) forms. The BMD of the total body, less head, was measured by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry, and the BMD z-score was used to evaluate the relationship of body composition with metabolic parameters. Results: BMD z-scores were higher in subjects with ExOb than in those with SmOb. Lean mass index (LMI), body mass index z-score, and vitamin D intake showed positive relationships, whereas percentage of body fat and serum leptin level showed negative relationships with BMD z-scores in boys. In girls, LMI and body mass index z-score showed positive relationships with BMD z-scores. In multivariable linear regressions, serum leptin level showed negative relationships with BMD z-score, only in boys. In addition, positive relationships of LMI and negative relationships of percentage of body fat with BMD z-scores were observed in subjects with SmOb. However, positive relationships of LMI with BMD z-scores were attenuated in subjects with ExOb. Conclusion: High BMD appears to be positively associated with lean mass in children and adolescents with obesity, which might be a natural protective mechanism to withstand the excess weight. However, excessive body fat appears to be negatively associated with BMD, which might attenuate the positive relationship between lean mass and BMD in subjects with ExOb.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)983-991
Number of pages9
JournalEndocrine Practice
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 AACE

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology


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