We have fabricated a novel reflective nematic liquid-crystal cell driven by a fringe field. In the absence of an electric field, the liquid-crystal molecule is homogeneously aligned and when a fringe field induced by interdigital electrodes is applied, liquid-crystal molecules rotate in plane in the entire whole area. A conventional in-plane switching (IPS) cell was impossible for application to a reflective system due to its low aperture ratio. However, a newly designed fringe-field switching (FFS) cell is possible due to its high transmittance. Furthermore it exhibits a wide viewing angle intrinsically owing to the in-plane rotation of the liquid-crystal director. Several reflective systems with either two polarizers or one polarizer with a quarter-wave retardation film are possible. In this study, we investigate the switching principle of each system and compare their electrooptic characteristics by simulation and experiment.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)