Reduced interstitial mobility through multicomponent alloying in bcc W

Younggak Shin, Keonwook Kang, Byeongchan Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We report the first principles calculations of the defect energetics and dynamics in W ternary alloys. A solute pair of different kinds strongly attracts a W self-interstitial atom, forming a solute-interstitial triple complex. The attractive solute-interstitial interaction can be stronger in ternary than in binary alloys, which works as a primary dissociation barrier to reduce the interstitial mobility. This, in turn, means that a single solute-interstitial pair also attracts a solute atom of a different kind to form a triple complex. The dissociation energy of a triple complex slows the interstitial migration, and increases the odds of vacancy-interstitial recombination in collision cascades. Therefore the reduced interstitial mobility and increased interstitial retention ability of multicomponent alloys may change the fundamental irradiated-damage mechanism in fusion environment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112745
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Nov

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanical Engineering


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