Electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide (ERCO2) is an attractive and sustainable approach to close the carbon loop. Formic acid is a high-value and readily collectible liquid product. However, the current reaction selectivity remains unsatisfactory. In this study, the bismuth-containing metal−organic framework CAU-17, with morphological variants of hexagonal prisms (CAU-17-hp) and nanofibers (CAU-17-fiber), is prepared at room temperature through a wet-chemical approach and employed as the electrocatalyst for highly selective CO2-to-formate conversion. An H3BTC-mediated morphology reconstruction is systematically investigated and further used to build a CAU-17-fiber hierarchical structure. The as-prepared CAU-17-fiber_400 electrodes give the best electrocatalytic performance in selective and efficient formate production with FEHCOO− of 96.4 % and jCOOH− of 20.4 mA cm−2 at −0.9 VRHE. This work provides a new mild approach for synthesis and morphology engineering of CAU-17 and demonstrates the efficacy of morphology engineering in regulating the accessible surface area and promoting the activity of MOF-based materials for ERCO2.
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Chemistry
- General Chemical Engineering
- General Materials Science
- General Energy