Malignant biliary strictures are caused by pancreatobiliary cancer and other metastatic malignancies. Most of them are unresectable at diagnosis with a dismal prognosis. Various new ablation methods have been introduced. Of them, ERCP-guided intraductal radiofrequency ablation (ID-RFA) appears to be the most promising minimally invasive endoscopic treatment by delivering a high-frequency alternating current to the target tissue, leading to coagulative necrosis. Thus far, many studies have provided evidence that ERCP-guided ID-RFA is a safe, feasible, and effective treatment modality for stent patency and overall survival. Compared to other ablation treatments, ERCP-guided ID-RFA has several advantages, including ease of delivery, controlled application of thermal energy, low cost, and fewer systemic side effects with an acceptable safety profile. Therefore, ERCP-guided ID-RFA can be considered an adjunctive treatment for the palliation of unresectable malignant biliary strictures. On the other hand, the decision of local ablation treatment should be individualized by multidisciplinary team support due to the lack of comparative studies.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Oct 25|
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