Recent progress on two types of El Niño: Observations, dynamics, and future changes

Sang Wook Yeh, Jong Seong Kug, Soon Il An

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

125 Citations (Scopus)


The climate community has made significant progress in observing, understanding and predicting El Niño and Southern Oscillation (ENSO) over the last 30 years. In spite of that, unresolved questions still remain, including ENSO diversity and extreme events, decadal modulation, predictability, teleconnection, and the interaction of ENSO with other climate phenomena. In particular, the existence of a different type of El Niño from the conventional El Niño has been proposed. This type of El Niño has occurred more frequently during the recent decades and received a great attention in the climate community. This review provides recent progresses on dynamics, decadal variability and future projection of El Niño, with a focus on the two types of El Niño.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-81
Number of pages13
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Supported in part by NIH Contract CB 53-886.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science


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