Recent development in vanadium pentoxide and carbon hybrid active materials for energy storage devices

Andrew Kim, Golap Kalita, Jong Hak Kim, Rajkumar Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


With the increasing energy demand for portable electronics, electric vehicles, and green energy storage solutions, the development of high‐performance supercapacitors has been at the forefront of energy storage and conversion research. In the past decade, many scientific publications have been dedicated to designing hybrid electrode materials composed of vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) and carbon nanomaterials to bridge the gap in energy and power of traditional batteries and capacitors. V2O5 is a promising electrode material owing to its natural abundance, nontoxicity, and high capacitive potential. However, bulk V2O5 is limited by poor conductivity, low porosity, and dissolution during charge/discharge cycles. To overcome the limitations of V2O5, many researchers have incorporated common carbon nanostructures such as reduced graphene oxides, carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibers, and other carbon moieties into V2O5. The carbon components facilitate electron mobility and act as porous templates for V2O5 nucleation with an enhanced surface area as well as interconnected surface morphology and structural stability. This review discusses the development of various V2O5/carbon hybrid materials, focusing on the effects of different synthesis methods, V2O5/carbon compositions, and physical treatment strategies on the structure and electrochemical performance of the composite material as promising supercapacitor electrodes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3213
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This work was supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF) of South Korea, funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT, Republic of Korea (NRF‐ 2017R1D1A1B06028030 and NRF‐2018M3A7B4071535).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( s/by/4.0/).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)


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