Herein, real-time observations of dehydrogenation of a Mg2FeH6–MgH2 composite by means of in situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) with advanced spatial (≈0.8 Å) and temporal (25 frames s−1) resolution are reported. Careful control and systematic variations of the reaction temperature and electron dose rate enable detailed and direct visualization of the characteristic decomposition of Mg2FeH6 into Mg and Fe, which occurs on the nanometer scale under optimal experimental conditions defined to minimize the electron-beam-driven Mg oxidation and dehydrogenation that take place in TEM. First, the formation of nanostructured fine Fe clusters in Mg metal and their growth via coalescence during dehydrogenation are verified. Additionally, fine monitoring of the in situ diffraction patterns acquired during decomposition of the composite allows separate evaluations of the desorption kinetics of the two coexisting phases, which confirm the synergetic dehydrogenation of this dual-phase system. It is envisioned that these findings will provide useful guidelines for reducing the gaps between nanoscale and bulk-scale research and designing hydrogen sorption conditions to enable efficient operation of a solid-state hydrogen storage system.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
J.K. and J.O.F. contributed equally to this work. This research was supported by the Korea Institute of Science and Technology (grant No. 2E31851), the National Research Foundation of Korea (grant Nos. 2019R1A6A1A11055660, 2021R1A5A8033165, and 2020R1A2C210245511), and the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (grant Nos. 20013621).
© 2022 The Authors. Advanced Functional Materials published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Science(all)