We report a label-free field-effect sensing array integrated with complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) readout circuitry to detect the surface potential determined by the negative charge in DNA molecules. For real-time DNA quantification, we have demonstrated the measurements of DNA molecules without immobilizing them on the sensing surface which is composed of an array of floating-gate CMOS transistors. This nonimmobilizing technique allows the continuous monitoring of the amount of charged molecules by injecting DNA solutions sequentially. We have carried out the real-time quantitative measurement of 19 bp oligonucleotides and analyzed its sensitivity as a function of pH in buffer solutions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)