Rationale and design of the CONFIRM (COronary CT Angiography EvaluatioN For Clinical Outcomes: An InteRnational Multicenter) Registry

James K. Min, Allison Dunning, Fay Y. Lin, Stephan Achenbach, Mouaz H. Al-Mallah, Daniel S. Berman, Matthew J. Budoff, Filippo Cademartiri, Tracy Q. Callister, Hyuk Jae Chang, Victor Cheng, Kavitha M. Chinnaiyan, Benjamin Chow, Augustin Delago, Martin Hadamitzky, Jorg Hausleiter, Ronald P. Karlsberg, Philipp Kaufmann, Erica Maffei, Khurram NasirMichael J. Pencina, Gilbert L. Raff, Leslee J. Shaw, Todd C. Villines

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

136 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) of 64-detector rows or greater represents a novel noninvasive anatomic method for evaluation of patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). Early studies suggest a potential for prognostic risk assessment by CCTA findings but were limited by small patient cohorts or single centers. The CONFIRM (COronary CT Angiography Evaluatio. N For Clinical Outcomes: An Inte. Rnational Multicenter) registry is a large, prospective, multinational dynamic observational study of patients undergoing CCTA. The primary aim of CONFIRM is to determine the prognostic value of CCTA findings for the prediction of future adverse CAD events. Methods: The CONFIRM registry currently represents 27,125 consecutive patients at 12 cluster sites in 6 countries in North America, Europe, and Asia. CONFIRM sites were chosen on the basis of adequate CCTA volume, site CCTA proficiency, and local demographic characteristics and medical facilities to ensure a broad-based sample of patients. Patients comprising the present CONFIRM cohort include those with suspected but without known CAD, with known CAD, or asymptomatic persons undergoing CAD evaluation. A data dictionary comprising a wide array of demographic, clinical, and CCTA findings was developed by the CONFIRM investigators and is uniformly used for all patients. Patients are followed up after CCTA performance to identify adverse CAD events, including death, myocardial infarction, unstable angina, target vessel revascularization, and CAD-related hospitalization. Conclusions: From a number of countries worldwide, the information collected from the CONFIRM registry will add incremental and important insights into CCTA findings that confer prognostic value beyond demographic and clinical characteristics. The results of the CONFIRM registry will provide valuable information about the optimal methods for using CCTA findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-92
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Mar

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Conflict of interest: S.A. has received grant support from Siemens and Bayer Schering Pharma and is a consultant for Servier. M.A.-M. has received support from AHA, BCBS Foundation of Michigan, and Astellas . M.J.B. has received modest compensation from the speakers bureau of GE Healthcare. F.C. has received grant support from GE Healthcare . K.C. has received grant support from Bayer Pharma, Blue Cross Blue Shield Blue Care MI . B.C. has received research and fellowship support from GE Healthcare and research support from Pfizer and AstraZeneca and educational support from TeraRecon. J.H. has received research support from Siemens Medical Systems . P.K. has received institutional research support from GE Healthcare and grant support from Swiss National Science Foundation . E.M. has received grant support from GE Healthcare. J.K.M. has received modest compensation from the speakers bureau and medical advisory board and significant research support from GE Healthcare. G.L.R. has received grant support from Siemens, Blue Cross Blue Shield Blue Care MI, and Bayer Pharma . The other authors report no conflicts of interest.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Rationale and design of the CONFIRM (COronary CT Angiography EvaluatioN For Clinical Outcomes: An InteRnational Multicenter) Registry'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this