Rapid microwave-assisted synthesis and magnetic properties of high-entropy spinel (Cr0.2Mn0.2Fe0.2Co0.2-xNi0.2Znx)3O4 nanoparticles

Hossein Minouei, Maisam Jalaly, Mehdi Kheradmandfard, Mohsen Saboktakin Rizi, Dae Eun Kim, Sun Ig Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


High-entropy oxide (HEO) has recently become popular because of its unique multifunctional performance. In this study, we developed a novel microwave-assisted method for the production of HEO nanoparticles with the composition (Cr0.2Fe0.2Mn0.2Co0.2-xNi0.2Znx)3O4 (x = 0, 0.05, 0.1, and 0.2). The results revealed that all metallic elements were uniformly distributed throughout the single-phase cubic spinel structure of the HEO nanoparticles. The particle size distributions of four fabricated samples ranged from 10 to 50 nm. Because of its numerous advantages such as the ultrafast and low-temperature fabrication of nanoscale and high-purity products at a relatively low cost, the suggested methodology is an excellent synthesis method. The original HEO spinel (x = 0) achieved saturated magnetization (Ms) and coercivity (Hc) values of 24.3 emu/g and 160 Oe, respectively, at room temperature. Zinc substitution in the HEO composition indicated that Ms and Hc decreased with increasing zinc concentration owing to its non-magnetic nature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11885-11892
Number of pages8
JournalCeramics International
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Apr 15

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by Brain Pool Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT ( 2019H1D3A1A01102813 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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