Iso-octane-based surrogates have been widely used to represent gasoline fuel combustion. The surrogate's autoignition characteristics have been of particular interest due to combustion issues associated with spark-ignition engine knocking or controlled autoignition. In this study, the autoignition of several hydrocarbons was measured and analyzed using a rapid compression machine. The two-stage ignition characteristics of gasoline and iso-octane were compared and the differences analyzed from the viewpoint of the effect of the fuels' chemical structure on low-temperature oxidation processes and internal isomerization. Finally, the reliability of iso-octane as a gasoline surrogate was examined, and other surrogates were suggested. Our results indicated that surrogates containing ~20% cyclic alkenes were better able to simulate gasoline autoignition, including two-stage ignition characteristics.
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction
- Mechanical Engineering
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering