Analysis was performed on four different categories of phospholipids (phosphatidylserine (PS), phosphatidylinositol (PI), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), and phosphatidic acid (PA)) from urine in patients with breast cancer. This quantitative analysis was conducted using nanoflow liquid chromatography- electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (nLC-ESI-MS-MS). This study shows the profiling of the phospholipids (PLs) that can be identified by the negative ion mode of MS. A previous study (Kim et al. Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 393:1649, 21) focused on only two PL classes: phosphatidylcholines (PCs) and phosphatidylethanolamines (PEs) and were identified by positive ion mode. PLs were extracted by lyophilization of 1 mL of urine from both healthy normal females and breast cancer patients before and after surgery. Separation of PLs was performed by nLC followed by structural identification of PLs using data-dependent collision-induced dissociation. A total of 34 urinary PL molecules (12 PSs, 12 PIs, four PGs, and six PAs) were quantitatively examined. Among the four PL categories examined in this study, most PL classes showed an increase in the total amounts in the cancer patients, yet PIs exhibited some decreases. The present study suggests that the lipid composition found in the urine of breast cancer patients can be utilized for the possible development of disease markers, when the analysis is performed with negative ion mode of nLC-ESI-MS-MS.
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Acknowledgments This study was supported by a grant (2008-03136) from the Korea Ministry of Science & Technology (MOST) and partly by a grant from the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation through the Center for Bioactive Molecular Hybrids (CBMH).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry