Quantitative analysis of the relative basicity of CaO and BaO by silver solubility in slags

Joo Hyun Park, Dong Joon Min

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28 Citations (Scopus)


The solubility of silver in molten CaO-B2O3 and BaO-B2O3 slags at high temperatures was measured to seek a new measure of the basicity of slags. The B2O3-bearing fluxes, which have wide range of liquids at the temperature of interest, have been applied to investigate the effects of flux composition on the solubility of silver from the saturation of acidic or basic components. The solubility of silver in slags has a minimum value as a function of flux composition, and it is suggested that silver behaves as an amphoteric substance and dissolves by different mechanisms in acidic and basic fluxes. The solubility of silver decreased with the increasing temperature and content of basic oxides in the acidic region, and vice versa in the highly basic region. In the acidic region, BaO is more basic than CaO by, at most, about 33 pct, based on the difference of the solubility of silver in both slags, indicating that BaO is not a much-stronger basic oxide than CaO in the acidic slags. In the highly basic region, BaO is about 5 times more basic than CaO. The solubility of silver in slags was compared to the nitride capacity, showing that the dissolutions of silver and nitrogen into the melts are similar to each other. The relationship between Ag solubility and theoretical optical basicity was also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)689-694
Number of pages6
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (Grant No. 97-03-00-08-01-3).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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