Multiple photovoltaic (PV) modules are often used to provide enhanced harvesting capability for light energy-based Internet of Things (IoT) devices. PV modules facing multiple directions can lead to a situational energy loss when parts of the modules are shaded. To address this issue, existing solutions exploit reconfigurable PV arrays to acquire the optimal configuration in a given situation. However, conventional techniques are not energy efficient in estimating the harvesting capability of PV modules, and require high computation to find the optimal PV array at runtime. In this article, we propose PVoT, an energy-efficient reconfigurable PV array, which maximizes the harvesting energy for indoor IoT devices. To this end, we propose the use of photoresistors to estimate the harvesting capability with minimal energy overhead. We also provide hardware and software schemes, which perform event-driven light change detection in an energy-efficient way. Furthermore, we develop a power imbalance threshold metric to quickly find the optimal PV array at runtime. We implemented a prototype PVoT with off-the-shelf components and accompanying software. Experiments with the prototype hardware showed that PVoT achieves a gain of up to 23.9% in harvested energy compared to the existing directly connected PV array scheme.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Nov 1|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 1982-2012 IEEE.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering