Pseudoprogression and peritumoral edema due to intratumoral necrosis after Gamma knife radiosurgery for meningioma

In Ho Jung, Kyung Won Chang, So Hee Park, Hyun Ho Jung, Jong Hee Chang, Jin Woo Chang, Won Seok Chang

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Peritumoral cerebral edema is reported to be a side effect that can occur after stereotactic radiosurgery. We aimed to determine whether intratumoral necrosis (ITN) is a risk factor for peritumoral edema (PTE) when gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS) is performed in patients with meningioma. In addition, we propose the concept of pseudoprogression: a temporary volume expansion that can occur after GKRS in the natural course of meningioma with ITN. This retrospective study included 127 patients who underwent GKRS for convexity meningioma between January 2019 and December 2020. Risk factors for PTE and ITN were investigated using logistic regression analysis. Analysis of variance was used to determine whether changes in tumor volume were statistically significant. After GKRS, ITN was observed in 34 (26.8%) patients, and PTE was observed in 10 (7.9%) patients. When postoperative ITN occurred after GKRS, the incidence of postoperative PTE was 18.970-fold (p = 0.009) greater. When a 70% dose volume ≥ 1 cc was used, the possibility of ITN was 5.892-fold (p < 0.001) higher. On average, meningiomas with ITN increased in volume by 128.5% at 6 months after GKRS and then decreased to 94.6% at 12 months. When performing GKRS in meningioma, a 70% dose volume ≥ 1 cc is a risk factor for ITN. At 6 months after GKRS, meningiomas with ITN may experience a transient volume expansion and PTE, which are characteristics of pseudoprogression. These characteristics typically improve at 12 months following GKRS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13663
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec

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© 2022, The Author(s).

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