Proteinuria is associated with carotid artery atherosclerosis in non-albuminuric type 2 diabetes: A cross-sectional study

Jaehyun Bae, Yong Ho Lee, Eun Seok Kang, Bong Soo Cha, Byung Wan Lee

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6 Citations (Scopus)


The association of specific urinary proteins other than albumin with cardiovascular (CV) outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) has been shown. In this respect, CV outcomes may differ in non-albuminuric T2D patients who were considered as a low risk group, according to the presence of proteinuria. We investigated the association between proteinuria and atherosclerosis assessed by carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT) in non-albuminuric T2D patients. 2047 T2D patients whose urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio was below 30 mg/g were recruited and classified into a non-proteinuria (NP, uPCR < 150 mg/g, n = 1865) group and a non-albuminuric proteinuria (NAP, uPCR ≥ 150 mg/g, n = 182) group. CIMT was compared between the two groups and logistic regression analysis was conducted to verify whether proteinuria could predict deteriorated CIMT status. In this cross-sectional study, mean CIMT of the NAP group were significantly thicker than those of the NP group (0.73 ± 0.16 vs. 0.70 ± 0.14, p = 0.016). The presence of proteinuria is associated with deteriorated CIMT after the adjustment for conventional risk factors (odds ratio, 2.342; 95% confidence interval, 1.082–5.070, p = 0.030) in regression analysis. We postulated that the measurement of urinary protein in conjunction with albumin might be helpful for predicting atherosclerosis, especially for non-albuminuric patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number136
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jan

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© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine


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