This study aimed to fabricate a multi-layered biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) platform for programmed bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) release, which means to block the initial burst release and promote releasing during the differentiation phase of osteogenic cells. And it is to confirm in vivo whether this platform has osteogenic inductivity even when extremely low doses of BMP-2 are loaded compared to the conventional soaking method. Our strategy consisted of preparing a multilayer coating on BCP to minimize the contact between BMP-2 and BCP and allow the loading of BMP-2. The multilayer, which is surface-modified on BCP, is composed of an organosilicate and a natural polymer-based layer-by-layer (LbL) film. We applied (3-Aminopropyl)triethoxysilane (APTES) as an organosilicate was used for amine-functionalized BCP and (collagen/heparin)5 film was used to delay and sustain BMP-2 release. The coated multilayer not only reduced the initial burst release by more than 50% but also loaded more BMP-2. For in vivo experiment, histomorphometric analysis, it was observed that the BCP platform loaded with extremely low concentration BMP-2 (0.01 mg/ml) induced a significantly larger amount of new bones at 8 weeks compared to the conventional soaking method in the rabbit calvarium onlay graft model.
|Published - 2021 May
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© 2021 Elsevier Ltd
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Mechanics of Materials