Prognostic role of magnetic resonance imaging vs. computed tomography for hepatocellular carcinoma undergoing chemoembolization

Beom Kyung Kim, Kyung Ah Kim, Chansik An, Eun Jin Yoo, Jun Yong Park, Do Young Kim, Sang Hoon Ahn, Kwang Hyub Han, Seung Up Kim, Myeong Jin Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Background & Aims: Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) play important roles in diagnosis and staging of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, prognostic roles of radiological characteristics are not yet determined. Methods: Eighty-eight patients treated with chemoembolization were analysed. Radiological parameters at baseline were assessed in all patients using both dynamic CT and MRI. Treatment responses were assessed using modified RECIST 4 weeks after the first chemoembolization. Results: Gross vascular invasion (GVI), bile duct invasion, irregular tumour margin (ITM), peripheral ragged enhancement (PRE) and satellite nodules on CT or MRI were associated with non-response (stable disease or progression) after chemoembolization respectively (all P ≤ 0.05). GVI, ITM and PRE on CT or MRI were also independently associated with poor overall survival (OS) respectively (all P ≤ 0.05). Using these results, a prognostic scoring system for CT and MRI were developed; 0, absence of all three features (GVI, ITM and PRE); 1, presence of one feature; 2, presence of two features; and 3, presence of three features. After adjusting tumour size, tumour number and alpha-foetoprotein level, both CT and MRI scores were independently associated with OS (both P < 0.001). Patients with CT or MRI score ≥2 had a worse OS than those with score <2 (adjusted hazard ratios, 3.837 and 2.938 respectively). MRI-specific parameters such as signal intensity on T2- or T1-weighted images, fat signal or hyperintensity on diffusion-weighted images did not have prognostic value (all P > 0.05). Conclusions: Radiological parameters by CT and MRI may be useful in biological characterization of tumours and prognostification for HCC treated with chemoembolization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1722-1730
Number of pages9
JournalLiver International
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jun 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology


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